Value of machine learning in predicting TAVI outcomes

R. R. Lopes, M. S. van Mourik, E. V. Schaft, L. A. Ramos, J. Baan Jr, J. Vendrik, B. A. J. M. de Mol, M. M. Vis, H. A. Marquering

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Background: Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) has become a commonly applied procedure for high-risk aortic valve stenosis patients. However, for some patients, this procedure does not result in the expected benefits. Previous studies indicated that it is difficult to predict the beneficial effects for specific patients. We aim to study the accuracy of various traditional machine learning (ML) algorithms in the prediction of TAVI outcomes. Methods and results: Clinical and laboratory data from 1,478 TAVI patients from a single centre were collected. The outcome measures were improvement of dyspnoea and mortality. Three experiments were performed using (1) screening data, (2) laboratory data, and (3) the combination of both. Five well-established ML techniques were implemented, and the models were evaluated based on the area under the curve (AUC). Random forest classifier achieved the highest AUC (0.70) for predicting mortality. Logistic regression had the highest AUC (0.56) in predicting improvement of dyspnoea. Conclusions: In our single-centre TAVI population, the tree-based models were slightly more accurate than others in predicting mortality. However, ML models performed poorly in predicting improvement of dyspnoea.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)443-450
JournalNetherlands Heart Journal
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2019
Externally publishedYes

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