Video-based tools for surgical quality assessment of technical skills in laparoscopic procedures: a systematic review

Alexander A. J. Grüter*, Annabel S. van Lieshout, Stefan E. van Oostendorp, Sofie P. G. Henckens, Johannes C. F. Ket, Suzanne S. Gisbertz, Boudewijn R. Toorenvliet, Pieter J. Tanis, Hendrik J. Bonjer, Jurriaan B. Tuynman

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articleAcademicpeer-review


Background: Quality of surgery has substantial impact on both short- and long-term clinical outcomes. This stresses the need for objective surgical quality assessment (SQA) for education, clinical practice and research purposes. The aim of this systematic review was to provide a comprehensive overview of all video-based objective SQA tools in laparoscopic procedures and their validity to objectively assess surgical performance. Methods: PubMed, and Web of Science were systematically searched by two reviewers to identify all studies focusing on video-based SQA tools of technical skills in laparoscopic surgery performed in a clinical setting. Evidence on validity was evaluated using a modified validation scoring system. Results: Fifty-five studies with a total of 41 video-based SQA tools were identified. These tools were used in 9 different fields of laparoscopic surgery and were divided into 4 categories: the global assessment scale (GAS), the error-based assessment scale (EBAS), the procedure-specific assessment tool (PSAT) and artificial intelligence (AI). The number of studies focusing on these four categories were 21, 6, 31 and 3, respectively. Twelve studies validated the SQA tool with clinical outcomes. In 11 of those studies, a positive association between surgical quality and clinical outcomes was found. Conclusion: This systematic review included a total of 41 unique video-based SQA tools to assess surgical technical skills in various domains of laparoscopic surgery. This study suggests that validated SQA tools enable objective assessment of surgical performance with relevance for clinical outcomes, which can be used for training, research and quality improvement programs.
Original languageEnglish
JournalSurgical Endoscopy
Early online date2023
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 2023

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