Voorstel voor diagnostiek en behandeling van aandachtstekortstoornis met hyperactiviteit (ADHD) op volwassen leeftijd

J. J. S. Kooij, J. K. Buitelaar, W. van Tilburg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleProfessional

Abstract

Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is the most frequent behavior disorder of childhood with a prevalence of 3-5%. ADHD persists in at least 30% in adulthood, so the estimated prevalence of ADHD in adults is 1%. Etiologically, genetic factors are the most important. In neuro-imaging, morphological abnormalities and dysfunction of the frontal cortex and basal ganglia have been established. There is little research in diagnostic assessment and treatment of adults. In this article, a proposal is made based on literature and own experience. Hetero-anamnestic information about childhood-onset of symptoms is being advised. Treatment can consist of psycho-education, medication (methylphenidate and desipramine are effective in controlled trials in adults), psychotherapy and support groups.
Original languageDutch
Pages (from-to)349-358
JournalTijdschrift voor Psychiatrie
Volume41
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 1999
Externally publishedYes

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