Working life expectancy in good and poor self-perceived health among Dutch workers aged 55-65 years with a chronic disease over the period 1992-2016

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Abstract

OBJECTIVES: Several governments have taken measures to encourage prolonged working. It is therefore likely that older adults with a chronic disease are required to work longer in poor self-perceived health (SPH) than before. This study examines to what extent working life expectancy (WLE) in good and poor SPH changed between 1992 and 2016 in workers with a chronic disease from age 55 years onwards.

METHODS: Three cohorts (1992, 2002 and 2012) of workers with a chronic disease aged 55-65 years were selected from the Longitudinal Aging Study Amsterdam with a 3-year follow-up each (n=705). A three-state survival model was estimated, modelling transitions between states 'working with good SPH', 'working with poor SPH' and 'exit from work'. WLEs were estimated using Multistate Modelling and Estimating Life Expectancies using Continuous Time in R.

RESULTS: Of the workers with a chronic disease, total WLEs at age 55 years were 5.2, 5.7 and 6.8 years in cohorts 1992, 2002 and 2012, respectively. Workers initially having poor SPH, had total WLE of 4.7 years of which 2.4 years in poor SPH in cohort 1992. These workers had total WLE of 5.2 years of which 3.3 years in poor SPH in cohort 2002, and total WLE of 6.5 years of which 3.6 years in poor SPH in cohort 2012.

CONCLUSIONS: Workers with a chronic disease extended their working lives by approximately 18 months from 1992 to 2016. In the first decade, unhealthy WLE increased, whereas in the second decade, healthy WLE increased, among both workers in general and workers initially having poor SPH.

LanguageEnglish
Pages792-797
Number of pages6
JournalOccupational and Environmental Medicine
Volume75
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2018

Cite this

@article{47612d8d0dfc4da9bf61b6f46270b9f4,
title = "Working life expectancy in good and poor self-perceived health among Dutch workers aged 55-65 years with a chronic disease over the period 1992-2016",
abstract = "OBJECTIVES: Several governments have taken measures to encourage prolonged working. It is therefore likely that older adults with a chronic disease are required to work longer in poor self-perceived health (SPH) than before. This study examines to what extent working life expectancy (WLE) in good and poor SPH changed between 1992 and 2016 in workers with a chronic disease from age 55 years onwards.METHODS: Three cohorts (1992, 2002 and 2012) of workers with a chronic disease aged 55-65 years were selected from the Longitudinal Aging Study Amsterdam with a 3-year follow-up each (n=705). A three-state survival model was estimated, modelling transitions between states 'working with good SPH', 'working with poor SPH' and 'exit from work'. WLEs were estimated using Multistate Modelling and Estimating Life Expectancies using Continuous Time in R.RESULTS: Of the workers with a chronic disease, total WLEs at age 55 years were 5.2, 5.7 and 6.8 years in cohorts 1992, 2002 and 2012, respectively. Workers initially having poor SPH, had total WLE of 4.7 years of which 2.4 years in poor SPH in cohort 1992. These workers had total WLE of 5.2 years of which 3.3 years in poor SPH in cohort 2002, and total WLE of 6.5 years of which 3.6 years in poor SPH in cohort 2012.CONCLUSIONS: Workers with a chronic disease extended their working lives by approximately 18 months from 1992 to 2016. In the first decade, unhealthy WLE increased, whereas in the second decade, healthy WLE increased, among both workers in general and workers initially having poor SPH.",
author = "{de Wind}, Astrid and {van der Noordt}, Maaike and Deeg, {Dorly J H} and Boot, {Cecile R L}",
note = "{\circledC} Author(s) (or their employer(s)) 2018. No commercial re-use. See rights and permissions. Published by BMJ.",
year = "2018",
month = "11",
doi = "10.1136/oemed-2018-105243",
language = "English",
volume = "75",
pages = "792--797",
journal = "Occupational and Environmental Medicine",
issn = "1351-0711",
publisher = "BMJ Publishing Group",
number = "11",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Working life expectancy in good and poor self-perceived health among Dutch workers aged 55-65 years with a chronic disease over the period 1992-2016

AU - de Wind, Astrid

AU - van der Noordt, Maaike

AU - Deeg, Dorly J H

AU - Boot, Cecile R L

N1 - © Author(s) (or their employer(s)) 2018. No commercial re-use. See rights and permissions. Published by BMJ.

PY - 2018/11

Y1 - 2018/11

N2 - OBJECTIVES: Several governments have taken measures to encourage prolonged working. It is therefore likely that older adults with a chronic disease are required to work longer in poor self-perceived health (SPH) than before. This study examines to what extent working life expectancy (WLE) in good and poor SPH changed between 1992 and 2016 in workers with a chronic disease from age 55 years onwards.METHODS: Three cohorts (1992, 2002 and 2012) of workers with a chronic disease aged 55-65 years were selected from the Longitudinal Aging Study Amsterdam with a 3-year follow-up each (n=705). A three-state survival model was estimated, modelling transitions between states 'working with good SPH', 'working with poor SPH' and 'exit from work'. WLEs were estimated using Multistate Modelling and Estimating Life Expectancies using Continuous Time in R.RESULTS: Of the workers with a chronic disease, total WLEs at age 55 years were 5.2, 5.7 and 6.8 years in cohorts 1992, 2002 and 2012, respectively. Workers initially having poor SPH, had total WLE of 4.7 years of which 2.4 years in poor SPH in cohort 1992. These workers had total WLE of 5.2 years of which 3.3 years in poor SPH in cohort 2002, and total WLE of 6.5 years of which 3.6 years in poor SPH in cohort 2012.CONCLUSIONS: Workers with a chronic disease extended their working lives by approximately 18 months from 1992 to 2016. In the first decade, unhealthy WLE increased, whereas in the second decade, healthy WLE increased, among both workers in general and workers initially having poor SPH.

AB - OBJECTIVES: Several governments have taken measures to encourage prolonged working. It is therefore likely that older adults with a chronic disease are required to work longer in poor self-perceived health (SPH) than before. This study examines to what extent working life expectancy (WLE) in good and poor SPH changed between 1992 and 2016 in workers with a chronic disease from age 55 years onwards.METHODS: Three cohorts (1992, 2002 and 2012) of workers with a chronic disease aged 55-65 years were selected from the Longitudinal Aging Study Amsterdam with a 3-year follow-up each (n=705). A three-state survival model was estimated, modelling transitions between states 'working with good SPH', 'working with poor SPH' and 'exit from work'. WLEs were estimated using Multistate Modelling and Estimating Life Expectancies using Continuous Time in R.RESULTS: Of the workers with a chronic disease, total WLEs at age 55 years were 5.2, 5.7 and 6.8 years in cohorts 1992, 2002 and 2012, respectively. Workers initially having poor SPH, had total WLE of 4.7 years of which 2.4 years in poor SPH in cohort 1992. These workers had total WLE of 5.2 years of which 3.3 years in poor SPH in cohort 2002, and total WLE of 6.5 years of which 3.6 years in poor SPH in cohort 2012.CONCLUSIONS: Workers with a chronic disease extended their working lives by approximately 18 months from 1992 to 2016. In the first decade, unhealthy WLE increased, whereas in the second decade, healthy WLE increased, among both workers in general and workers initially having poor SPH.

U2 - 10.1136/oemed-2018-105243

DO - 10.1136/oemed-2018-105243

M3 - Article

VL - 75

SP - 792

EP - 797

JO - Occupational and Environmental Medicine

T2 - Occupational and Environmental Medicine

JF - Occupational and Environmental Medicine

SN - 1351-0711

IS - 11

ER -