Working towards full eradication of lipid-driven cardiovascular risk?

N. S. Nurmohamed, E. S.G. Stroes*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articleAcademicpeer-review


Lipid-driven cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk is caused by atherogenic apolipoprotein B (apoB) particles containing low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), triglycerides and lipoprotein(a) [Lp(a)] and resembles a large and modifiable proportion of the total CVD risk. While a surplus of novel lipid-lowering therapies has been developed in recent years, management of lipid-driven CVD risk in the Netherlands remains suboptimal. To lower LDL‑C levels, statins, ezetimibe and proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 inhibiting antibodies are the current standard of therapy. With the approval of bempedoic acid and the silencing RNA inclisiran, therapeutic options are expanding continuously. Although the use of triglyceride-lowering therapies remains a matter of debate, post hoc analyses consistently show a benefit in subsets of patients with high triglyceride or low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels. Pemafibrate and novel apoC-III could be efficacious options when approved for clinical use. Lp(a)-lowering therapies such as pelacarsen are under clinical investigation, offering a potent Lp(a)-lowering effect. If proven effective in reducing cardiovascular endpoints, Lp(a) lowering holds promise to be the third axis of effective lipid-lowering therapies. Using these three components of lipid-lowering treatment, the contribution of apoB-containing lipid particles to the CVD risk may be fully eradicated in the next decade.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)15-24
Number of pages10
JournalNetherlands Heart Journal
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2022

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