Lipid-driven cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk is caused by atherogenic apolipoprotein B (apoB) particles containing low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), triglycerides and lipoprotein(a) [Lp(a)] and resembles a large and modifiable proportion of the total CVD risk. While a surplus of novel lipid-lowering therapies has been developed in recent years, management of lipid-driven CVD risk in the Netherlands remains suboptimal. To lower LDL‑C levels, statins, ezetimibe and proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 inhibiting antibodies are the current standard of therapy. With the approval of bempedoic acid and the silencing RNA inclisiran, therapeutic options are expanding continuously. Although the use of triglyceride-lowering therapies remains a matter of debate, post hoc analyses consistently show a benefit in subsets of patients with high triglyceride or low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels. Pemafibrate and novel apoC-III could be efficacious options when approved for clinical use. Lp(a)-lowering therapies such as pelacarsen are under clinical investigation, offering a potent Lp(a)-lowering effect. If proven effective in reducing cardiovascular endpoints, Lp(a) lowering holds promise to be the third axis of effective lipid-lowering therapies. Using these three components of lipid-lowering treatment, the contribution of apoB-containing lipid particles to the CVD risk may be fully eradicated in the next decade.
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Netherlands Heart Journal|
|Publication status||Published - Jan 2022|